PENTANES – THE BASE SUBSTANCES FOR
Our Pentanes contribute to saving energy and thus to reducing CO2 emissions. How does this work exactly?
Pentanes are indispensable blowing agents for insulating foams and demonstrably improve the insulating properties of refrigerators and freezers, thermal insulation materials in construction or pipe insulation. This contributes significantly to energy savings.
In addition, our Pentanes have a very good ecological profile:
Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP = 0) according to the Montreal Protocol
Low Global Warming Potential (GWP) of <1
Eco-friendly alternative for CFCs, which are now banned in large areas and are hazardous to the environment
Our Pentanes business has a decades-long tradition of producing a wide range of high-purity pentanes and blends with a minimum purity of 95%. They have been specially developed to meet the requirements of the construction, refrigerator, chemical and cosmetics industries.
Mass balance Pentane
With our ISCC PLUS certified Pentanes (n-Pentan, iso-Pentan, Cyclopentan and Pentan-Blends) we make an important contribution and support the insulation industry on the way to a sustainable circular economy.
PENTANES – THE BASE SUBSTANCES FOR
consists of all three isomers of Pentane (n-Pentane, iso-Pentane and Cyclopentane) and is tailor-made to your application needs.
n-Pentane is a chain-like hydrocarbon from the alkane group with the chemical formula C5H12. It is the unbranched representative of the Pentane isomers.
Technical information →
iso-Pentane is the first branched, liquid hydrocarbon or paraffin. This group of substances is also called alkanes. The iso-Pentane has a chemical formula of C5H12.
Technical information →
Cyclopentane is the first ring-shaped, naturally occurring hydrocarbon. It is present in very small quantities in crude oil, the most common source being naphtha from crackers. The chemical formula for this cycloalkane, or naphthene, is C5H10.
Technical information →
With our ISCC PLUS certified mass balance Pentane portfolio (n-Pentane, iso-Pentane, Cyclopentane and Pentan-Blends) we make an important contribution to greater sustainability.
More information →
As the only European manufacturer of all three pentanes and the largest capacity of Cyclopentane, we offer blends according to your individual specifications and are happy to implement all mixing ratios.
We are happy to advise you →
You can find more product information in our media library
Go to the Product Brochures →
THE MARKET REQUIREMENTS ARE CLEARLY DEFINED:
We offer a wide range of high-purity Pentanes and blends with a minimum purity of 95%.
We supply our customers worldwide from the heart of Europe and offer high flexibility in transport and packaging.
Our Pentanes contribute to saving energy and thus to reducing CO2 emissions.
We've been working on innovative solutions for more than 160 years, always partnering with our customers.
The new hydrogenation plant enables us to offer significantly new Cyclopentane capacity to the global market.
TECHNICAL DATA AT
Pentanes are hydrocarbons and belong to the family of alkanes. They are the first hydrocarbons to be liquid at room temperature. They are generally characterised by a low boiling point, low density and high vapor pressure. Pure n-Pentane and iso-Pentane are almost odourless.
Our Pentanes have a particularly high degree of purity of at least 95%. Convince yourself of our products and their properties.
Did you know?
The name "pentane" is derived from the five carbon atoms in each molecule. "Penta" means "five" in Greek.
Reach out to our Technical Services & Development team for technical information:
Dr. Sascha Rulhoff
Vice President TS&D
Phone: +49 40 333 18401
Final Boiling point
|Cyclopentane IP 85||PU Appliances PU Construction||GER||-||10-17||83-87||43||110||50||122||50||119||+++|
|Cyclopentane IP 70||GER||-||24-28||70-74||38||100||50||122||57||134||+++|
|Cyclopentane IP 50||GER||-||45-53||47-53||31||88||49||120||67||154||++|
|Cyclopentane IP 30||GER||-||65-73||27-33||28||82||42||108||77||174||++|
|n-Pentane 95 Cosm.||Cosmetics industry||GER||min. 95||-||-||35||95||
|iso-Pentane 95 Cosm.||GER||-||min. 95||-||25||77||
|iso-Pentane 95||GER||-||min. 95||-||25||77||32||90||91||205||+|
WHERE ARE PENTANES USED?
Even if we don't see them – it's hard to imagine our lives without pentanes. They even help to improve the climate! For example, they are used as an indispensable blowing agent for insulating foams in the following industries:
- Insulating materials for the construction industry
- Insulation materials for refrigerators and cooling trucks
- Packaging industry
- Cosmetics industry
Pentanes are also a valued solvent and process medium in the chemical industry.
Especially the market for insulation is growing with the increasing need for more energy savings. Pentanes contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions.
In addition to energy efficiency, pentanes are an environmentally friendly alternative to fluorinated hydrocarbons, as they have Zero Ozone Depletion Potential and only a Low Global Warming Potential (GWP). They comply with the global regulations for protecting the stratospheric ozone layer, which have been put into action internationally since 1987, based on the Montreal Protocol. The treaty mandates the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).
Pentanes occur naturally in crude oil, naphtha or gasoline. They can be obtained from these by distillation. In addition to applications for the construction, refrigerator, chemical and cosmetics industries, they are also suitable as a special solvent, refrigerant in air conditioning systems, as a working medium in geothermal plants and for special catalytic processes in the production of Polyethylene (PE) and Polypropylene (PP).
The four most important areas of application for our Pentanes:
Polyurethane (PU) foam systems
Pentanes act as blowing agents in the production of Polyurethane (PU) foams. These PU foams are used in household appliances, such as refrigerators and freezers, and in the construction industry, such as thermal insulation or pipe insulation.
Because the width and depth of a refrigerator or freezer arestandardised,the insulation cannot be as thick as desired, because the usable volume should naturally be as large as possible. The insulation therefore usually consists of Polyurethane foam, which fills all the remaining space between the walls and the interior, thus also contributing to the stability of the appliance. Cyclopentane has a special role here. Part of the Cyclopentane remains in the cells of the PU foam and thus actively contributes to the insulation. Thus, the refrigerator is particularly efficient, although the thickness of the insulation layer is thin.
In the field of facade insulation, materials made of Polyurethane foam can be used. They are an excellent alternative to foamed Polystyrene, because the insulation performance is much higher due to the Cyclopentane used as a blowing agent in most cases.
The structure of the insulating materials varies depending on the type or blend of Pentane used. Each of these blowing agents must meet strict environmental requirements, ensure high insulating performance of the PU foams and be usable under various processing conditions. At the same time, the requirements for the foams in terms of dimensional stability and resistance of technical parameters must be met.
To meet these market requirements, Haltermann Carless offers tailor-made Pentane formulations for individual Polyurethane systems and individual applications.
Extruded Polystyrene (XPS)
Extruded Polystyrene (XPS), is made from polymer granules and Pentane as blowing agent. These are melted and mixed in an extruder. When it emerges from the nozzle, it expands abruptly due to the pressure drop. This is how the familiar packaging chips can be produced, or sheets for insulation purposes. Unlike other foamed Polystyrene, these products have a closed surface.
Our Pentane S is a versatile product formulation and is used in the Extruded Polystyrene (XPS) and Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) industries as a blowing agent for insulation in the construction and packaging industries.
In the cosmetics industry, iso-Pentane is used in self-foaming shower gels and shaving foams. The iso-Pentane dissolved in the material is activated by the heat of the water and the hands and produces a particularly fine-pored and stable foam. This can be distributed particularly well.
Such a Pentane must of course meet particularly stringent cosmetic requirements. Specially selected batches of iso-Pentane are therefore intensively tested for undesirable aromatics and other components. A final odour control guarantees a neutral propellant without any disturbing influence on the cosmetic product.
The chemical industry uses Pentanes as special hydrocarbon-based solvents in various catalytic processes, mainly for the production of LLDPE, Linear Low Density Polyethylene. Low impurities and consistent quality are important criteria to ensure sustainable and stable production processes.
OF HALTERMANN CARLESS'....
- 01 HYDROGENATION PLANT
- 02 LOGISTICS
- 03 SERVICE
- 04 WIDE RANGE OF FORMULATIONS
… MODERN FACILITIES
High-quality equipment in our facilities and associated laboratories is the basis for our consistently high quality standards. We continuously invest in new technologies, such as our hydrogenation plant, which can produce your products in even higher purity, increases our capacity and protects our environment through a particularly sustainable manufacturing process.
Of course we are certified according to ISO 9001 (Quality), 14001 (Environment) and 50001 (Energy) and our Pentanes are REACH registered.
… CUSTOMISED LOGISTICS
Do you need flexibility in transportation or different packaging options? Our supply chain team will work out the best solution for your needs. Our Speyer site in Germany provides the perfect base for your worldwide deliveries, as we are strategically located near Frankfurt Airport and the Rhine River and have our own jetty on the plant premises, our own loading and unloading stations for rail tank cars, and loading points for tank trucks.
… INDIVIDUAL SERVICE
We've been working on innovative solutions for more than 160 years, always partnering with our customers. We take the time to explore new possibilities with you and find the best product formulation for your needs. This is what we are known for and what differentiates us from others!
… EXPERTISE AND TAILOR-MADE PRODUCTS
As the only European manufacturer of all three Pentanes, we offer tailor-made blends. We are happy to share our experience and knowledge with you, as for example in our free study on ternary Pentane blends with clear added value for our customers.
HALTERMANN CARLESS BLOG
Laboratory, distribution or purchasing: stay up to date on high quality Pentanes! Here is a selection of our current blog articles:
SERVICES FOR MORE FLEXIBILITY
We supply our customers far and wide from the heart of Europe - our Speyer location offers the best conditions for this with its own logistics infrastructure.
Would you like to find out more about our services? We will be happy to advise you!