iso-Octane

        iso-Octane is a branched hydrocarbon from the alkane group with the chemical formula C8H18. It is the most important of the eighteen octane isomers. Since it is an important component of motor gasoline, it is produced synthetically, but is also found to a small extent in petroleum.


        Physical Properties

        Molar Mass

        g/mol

        114.23

        State at ambient temperature

         

        liquid, colourless

        Odour

         

        gasoline

        CAS-Number

         

        540-84-1

        EC-Number

         

        208-759-1

        Customs tariff number

         

        29011000

        Density

        g/cm3 (15 °C)

        0.69

        Melting Point

        °C

        -107

        Boiling Point

        °C

        99

        Flash Point

        °C

        -12

        Vapour Pressure

        kPa (20 °C)

        5.31

        Refractive Index

         

        1.3884


        iso
        -Octane is almost insoluble in water, but shows very good solubility or unlimited miscibility with many organic solvents such as ethanol, ethers, esters, white spirit, benzene or chlorinated hydrocarbons. The RON (Research Octane Number) of iso-octane is by definition = 100.

         

        Application

        Like all alkanes (paraffins, unsaturated hydrocarbons), iso-Octane is a very good solvent for nonpolar substances, fats and oils. Especially in the pharmaceutical industry it is used as an inert solvent, for purification, recrystallization and washing of active pharmaceutical substances. 

        Heavy greases or oils can be diluted with paraffins such as iso-octane to facilitate application. It is also found as an ingredient in paints, varnishes and adhesives. Aromatics-free thinner for paints consists largely of iso-octane.

        iso-Octane has an octane number of 100, which has been defined internationally. This makes high-purity iso-octane (min. 99.75%) a primary reference fuel for determining the octane number of a gasoline in a specially built engine. Since the demand for iso-octane is much greater than it can be obtained from petroleum, it is produced by the alkylate process from isobutene and isobutane.

        • Solvent for non-polar substances
        • Primary Reference Fuel, RON = 100
        • Purification of API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients)
        • Adhesives, varnishes, paints
        • Thinners, cold cleaners
        • Brake disc cleaner
        • Solvents in the laboratory for e.g. gas chromatography (GC)
        • Process medium for polyethylene (Dowlex LLDPE)

        Topics: Pharmaceutical industry, Paint, coating and adhesive industry, Octan (C8), Fine chemistry, Fuel industry